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Testicular Cancer

The benefits of Chesapeake Urology in the successful diagnosis and treatment of testicular cancer


When it comes to the successful diagnosis of and treatment for testicular cancer, you have the benefit of Chesapeake Urology's team of specialists who are trained in the most advanced therapies and surgical techniques. Chesapeake Urology offers the most advanced technology and techniques for the diagnosis and treatment you have come to expect, coupled with the most personalized, compassionate and comprehensive care you deserve.

Testicular cancer is a fairly rare form of cancer that develops in the testes, the male reproductive organs located in the scrotum, the loose-skinned pouch below the penis. The testes produce sperm and the male hormone testosterone. Testicular cancer typically affects men aged 15 to 35. And, when detected early, it can be treated successfully in more than 95% of cases.

Risk Factors
While the cause of testicular cancer is not known, the following factors increase your risk:


  • Age - young men aged 15 to 35 are at highest risk
  • An undescended testicle, called cryptorchidism
  • Klinefelter's Syndrome, where an extra X chromosome results in failure of the testicles
  • Family or personal history of testicular cancer
  • Race - Caucasian men are at higher risk

Types of Testicular Cancer
Most testicular cancer (95%) originates in undeveloped cells (germ cells) that produce sperm. There are two main types of germ cell testicular cancer:


  • Seminomas and Nonseminomas - these are fairly rapidly growing tumors that are typically very treatable

A small percentage (5%) of testicular cancer develops in the stroma, the hormone producing tissue of the testicles.

Symptoms
Testicular cancer usually presents with a lump or mass in the scrotum. The mass is usually firm and can sometimes be painful.

It is very important to talk to your doctor if you experience any pain or discomfort in the testicles or feel a lump during a self exam. If your doctor identifies a suspicious mass, he or she may order tests that will aid in an accurate diagnosis.

Learn more about diagnosis and treatment options for testicular cancer here.