Test Your Knowledge: Kidney Stones

Did you know - There are Four types of kidney stones?

Stones With Ruler

Kidney stones are common - affecting upwards of 500,000 men and women every year in the U.S. according to the American Urological Association. They come in all shapes and sizes, ranging from a grain of sand to a golf ball. Anyone who has experienced a large kidney stone knows the severe pain that can come along with one, but did you know there are different types of stones?

Test Your Knowledge - Four Types of kidney stones

  1. Calcium-oxalate stones - These are the most common type of kidney stone and is typically caused by foods with salt or oxalates (byproducts of certain foods), certain medications and even your genetics.

  2. Struvite stones - These affect women more than men. These stones can grow to be very large and may occur with a kidney infection. Surgical removal of these stones is often indicated. 

  3. Uric acid stones - These stones are made of uric acid, a waste product that is passed out of the body through the urine. They may be caused by eating too much animal protein such as red meat and are more common in people with conditions such as gout and inflammatory bowel disease. 

  4. Cystine stones - These are very rare, caused by a genetic kidney disease called cystinuria.

Kidney Stone Prevention Tips

  • Hydrate! One of the best prevention tools is to drink more water. Water flushes out the system and makes you urinate more often, which rids the body of wastes.

  • Limit oxalates. Foods that are high in oxalate include nuts, blackberries and soy cheese. Limit these. 

  • Cut the protein. Limit the amount of red meat in your diet, especially if you are prone to developing kidney stones. Turn to lean proteins and plant-based proteins instead of fatty meats. 

Learn more about the diagnosis and treatment of kidney stones, including large and complex kidney stones - visit www.drjuliodavalos.com for more information.